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ISSN 1998-9539

The Peculiarities of the Reaction of Benzo- and Dibenzocrown Ethers with N-Halogenosuccinimides

Sergei A. Kotlyar@ and Sergei M. Pluzhnik-Gladyr


V. Bogatsky Physico-Chemical Institute of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Odessa, 65080, Ukraine


@Corresponding author E-mail: kotlyar_sk@mail.ru 


Macrogeterocycles, 2008 1(1) 85-89


The aromatic halogenation of benzo- and dibenzocrown ethers by N-halogenosuccinimides in solid phase, water or organic medium was researched for the first time. Under mechanochemical activation depending on stoichiometry of the process, benzocrown ethers smoothly and selectively transform into corresponding mono or dihalogeno derivatives. Addition of solid N-halogenosuccinimides to benzocrown ethers’ water solutions with high yields leads to mono halogenation products. At that, the process proceeds under the action of hypohalogenous acids, i.e. imide hydrolysis products. However, only 4I,5I-dibromo- or -diiodobenzocrown ethers were selectively obtained in 20% solutions of sulphuric acid. In similar conditions, dibenzocrown ethers in solid phase form mixtures of products and do not react with N-halogenosuccinimides in water solutions. In the boiling chloroform medium, the reactivity of investigated macrocycles is vastly varying. If bromination of benzo- and dibenzocrown ethers proceeds easily and with good yields, then under chlorination similar products form with low yields during significantly longer period of time. Only benzocrown ethers out of researched compounds undergo mono iodination at the influence of N-iodosuccinimide.

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